Why? the older The more you need to take good care of your lungs.
- when you get older Age changes can affect the lungs either directly or indirectly. whether it is a change in physical physiology systems within the body such as the nervous system, immune system including polluted environments
- Risks that may arise if the lungs damage in the elderly, such as lung infections such as pneumonia, bronchitis, tuberculosis, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing low oxygen levels sleep apnea
- Healthy lung health in the elderly, in addition to physical care and prevention, must also be related to overall health care, such as mental health, optimism. no stress or anxiety Including receiving love and attention from family members. It will way to help strengthen the health of the elderly at UFABET.
importance of lungs
The lungs have two main functions.
One serves to receive oxygen from the air into the body. Which your body needs oxygen to use in various processes within the body
Two acts to drive carbon dioxide out of the body. Which is a waste product produced by the body after the body has used oxygen in various processes
During breathing, air moves in and out of the lungs. when you breathe in Air flows through the airways into the lungs, or airways, which are the contractile tissues of the respiratory muscles. It divides the working process into two parts: the inspiratory muscles. and exhalation muscles
Air continues to flow into the lungs until the small air sacs are filled. Blood circulates around these alveoli through tiny blood vessels. The oxygen enters the bloodstream at the point where the blood vessels and alveoli meet. It is also where carbon dioxide crosses from the bloodstream to the lungs to enter the exhalation process. (The process of excreting carbon dioxide. Which is a waste product from the energy production process within the body)
Aging changes and their effects on the lungs
Changes in the bones and muscles of the chest and spine :
As you age, the bones become thinner and there may be changes in the outline of your ribs that prevent them from expanding and contracting as easily during breathing. The muscles that support your breathing, or your diaphragm, weaken. This change may cause you to not breathe in or out as well as before.
Bone and muscle changes can lead to a decrease in oxygen levels in the body. Additionally, less carbon dioxide may be eliminated from your body. As a result, symptoms such as fatigue and shortness of breath occur.
Lung tissue changes :
Muscles and other tissues near the airway may lose the ability to fully open the airway. Makes airways close easily Old age also causes the alveoli to lose their shape or cause changes in the lung tissue. This can lead to too little oxygen intake and less carbon dioxide removal. make breathing difficult
Nervous system changes:
The part of the brain that controls breathing loses some of its efficiency. When this happens, your lungs can’t get enough oxygen. and less removal of carbon dioxide Breathing may become more difficult. Respiratory nerves that trigger coughing are less sensitive to airborne contaminants such as PM 2.5 dust, smoke, chemicals or heavy metals. and various pathogens That will increase the chances for contaminants to accumulate in the lungs more easily.
Immune system changes :
Your immune system will weaken. which means Your body is unable to fight lung infections and other infectious diseases. Your lungs recover more slowly after exposure to airborne contaminants that can harm your health.